“13th”, Ava DuVernay’s new documentary on the history of race and incarceration in the United States, could become a big part of that debate. Assuming these UCR estimates aren’t totally off, that means there have been millions and millions fewer arrests every year than if the rate had stayed where it was before the Crime Bill.

In fact larger numbers have probably been true at some point: African-Americans were around 45% of the prison/jail population in 2000. I have some issues with it, but it’s an iconic and effective examples of political data visualization. Young and first-time voters will play a crucial part in determining the result. Correct statistics and representative examples would still show inequality, but they would probably underline the weakness of the central metaphor: Slavery and Jim Crow were not simply racially disparate, they were more like racially absolute. To keep repeating that Black men are 40.2% of the prison population, year after year, is to miss one of the biggest demographic trends in incarceration: It is getting less Black and more White and/or more Hispanic (depending on how you account for changing demographics in the total population), more rural and less urban, even as racial disparities remain enormous: As for the racial trends: The White male state/federal prison incarceration rate per 100,000 rose from 449 in 2000 to 465 in 2014 as the White female rate rose from 34 to 53; the Black male state/federal prison incarceration rate dropped from 3457 to 2724 as the Black female rate dropped from 205 to 109. By clicking Sign Up, you agree to our The “slavery rate” of 1860 wasn’t just much higher for African-Americans than for Whites; 89% of African-Americans were slaves compared to 0% of Whites. It is tied directly into the Black Lives Matter movement and explains how ingrained institutionalized racism has become.

I also added some clarification on “arrests” on 10/14/2016 at 5:02 pm. When it comes to coffee, everyone has different criteria for what goes into their "perfect cup." For the 31 anti-bullying songs campaign for National Bullying Prevention Month, Hey U.G.L.Y has its own radio show called Choose To Change Radio. That suggests that African-Americans — men and women — are more like 803300/2253228 = 35.7% of the prison/jail population; so African-American men are perhaps more like 33% of the prison/jail population than 40%. This film also introduced the KKK ritual of burning crosses, in case you ever wondered where that came from. But almost four years later, everything seemed to be going smoothly. While you continue working on prioritizing your health and happiness in 2020, why not transform your social media feeds to be places that inspire and teach you? Here’s arrests per capita: Far from “notching up” in the aftermath of the crime bill, the arrest rate has been falling and is now much lower than it was in 1980, before much of “mass incarceration”. It’s trying to argue that incarceration is part of a never-ending system of racial and social control. Clare Regelbrugge, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Sign in to comment to your favorite stories, participate in your community and interact with your friends.

Perhaps there’s some way you can interpret Cobb’s statement so it’s literally true (was he only talking about the next year or two and ignoring everything else?)

We could all use a mental health check-in, especially as we approach the end of a wild calendar year. Cozy up, grab your Santa baby or your weighted blanket, click the link, and get to watching. See how its all connected?

“13th” takes its title from the premise of a “loophole” in the Thirteenth Amendment, with the premise that this allowed incarceration to simply re-enslave African-Americans under another name. I have been a volunteer for Crisis Text Line for six months now.

Anyone who told you otherwise can get lost.

That's institutionalized racism.

The experience of African-Americans under mass incarceration is certainly a valid subject for a documentary, but “13th” keeps talking about the whole prison population.

Go over to the part that says “incarcerated”. However, the facts presented will shock you, they will horrify you, and if you're like me, they will rip a hole in your heart. Radhi, SUNY Stony Brook3. In the spirit of trying to make the end of 2020 merry and bright, here are 32 holiday romance movies you have to watch this year (in alphabetical order). It also explains how this all came to be in a riveting, non-scholarly manner. The subject was the crime bill signed by Bill Clinton in September of 1994. [1]. These UCR estimates have almost 2.5 million fewer arrests for 2012 than for 1994. This is a very strange mistake; the turn from ever-increasing prisons has been widely discussed. Perhaps they make it a stronger piece of advocacy, but I think they make it a weaker piece of art. Director Ava DuVernay’s nonfiction film interprets the Constitution’s 13th Amendment, which officially abolished slavery, as a political sham; then …

Moreover, it's because black people are more likely to experience discrimination in all aspects of their life, which leads to lower incomes, making them more likely to live in underprivileged neighborhoods where people have to commit crimes to make ends meet.

Coffee, for billions of people, is one of the only things that can get us out of bed (after hitting snooze a time or two), especially in 2020.

Some caffeine lovers, though, are extra particular when it comes to their beloved beverage. The year’s not over yet! In return, these survey respondents got money back for their coffee — something any user who downloads the app can do as well (yes, even you). As far as I know the most recent Bureau Of Justice Statistics estimates of prison and jail inmates are for 2014 — not even for 2015 — and far from another dramatic explosion, they show prison and jail populations lower in 2014 than in 2010.

In return, these survey respondents got money back for their coffee — something any user who downloads the app can do as well (yes, even you). Unfortunately, despite a lot of compelling primary source videos and some more original topics after the usual litany, I noticed a few statistics that are misleading, unclear, or incorrect.

Some of us (yes, me) love to start celebrating the holiday season as soon as even slightly acceptable, and since this year has been a wild year, I have a hunch more and more people are going to do it too. Because, if we're being honest, is there anything that beats a quality cup of coffee on those mornings when all we wanted to do is roll over and go back to sleep? Here's the coffee shop where you should get your morning brew. Your state may determine how picky you are about your coffee. LiveShopper Sassie, the company behind this Coffee Project survey, received input from 1,000 coffee drinkers via their mobile app, PrestoShopper, to ask various questions about their coffee drinking habits and preferences. Songs About Being 17Grey's Anatomy QuotesVine Quotes4 Leaf CloverSelf Respect, 1.

But if it hadn’t been for the fact that it began with a group of people defined by race, that we as a nation have learned not to care about, we wouldn’t be talking about two million people behind bars today. Writer Jelani Cobb is quoted as saying the following on the effects of the bill: “And again we see this kind of notching up of the number of people who were being arrested at every level and this kind of exploding prison population.” Here’s estimated arrests from 1980–2012 from a Bureau Of Justice Statistics tool.

In this table, the total incarcerated population is given as 2,279,100 for 2010 and 2,224,400 for 2014 — again, a decrease rather than the huge increase shown in the movie’s chart. The one that suggests enormous prison population growth — the fastest prison population growth ever, by a lot — from 2010 to 2016?

This means that people of color are sent to prison for years at a time for nonviolent and minor offenses. I’m not sure a single white person is explicitly acknowledged to be in the criminal justice system (I think the main allusion is towards the end: Michelle Alexander says mass incarceration “is gobbling up people in communities of all colors” but this is only possible because “it began with a group of people defined by race”[2]).

… Some of these mistakes happen to hide things that would complicate the story “13th” is trying to tell.

And frankly that graph is a generous one to use.

Would you say that arrests “notched up” in the aftermath of a bill signed in late 1994?

I suspect the strongest cases stand up well even if you include as much as possible. I wasn't expecting my anxiety to "come back," but I've got a better handle on it now. This is an open letter to all the people that have tried to define what beauty is.

These songs inspire positive self-esteem — give them a listen. A large portion of the movie is basically an engaging walk through a very standard narrative of mass incarceration.

Shalyni Paiyappilly is a mental health therapist and yoga and meditation teacher who has remained diligent in helping her patients and students stay healthy, whether virtually or in person. [1] I’m not sure exactly how “13th” is defining “prison population”; an onscreen graphic shows the 2000 prison population as 2,015,300, which is what you get from adding the state and federal prison and local jail populations in the first table without factoring in double-counting.

First of all, that's ridiculous.

Still, for the movie itself to imply that the 1990s saw an increase in arrests, and for that basically to be the last word on the subject, is misleading.

George Zimmerman walked after murdering an unarmed black boy because of a law that was pushed by Walmart to increase the sale of guns. There were 7,500 more estimated African-American local jail inmates in 2014 than in 2000, possibly not even a statistically significant difference, 16,500 more estimated Hispanic inmates — and 92,300 more estimated White inmates. Slavery, Incarceration & Racism: 14 Disturbing Connections Examined In Ava DuVernay’s Oscar-Nominated ’13th’ Documentary ESSENCE Festival 2017 speaker Ava DuVernay sheds light on a … (Update: I should note that UCR “arrests” include summons and citations.

Narrated by a diverse group of activists, lawmakers and social influencers, the film places a particular focus on the detrimental effects that the clause has had on the Black community, as well as how U.S. coroporations and multiple government administrations have had a hand in keeping the irrevocably damaging criminalization cycle alive in Black communities for decades. But this isn’t just a nitpick about a small difference. After the Civil War, African Americans were arrested in massive groups, often for minor crimes, in order to fill the hole in the South's economy after slavery was abolished.

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