may it remain everlasting, more than one lifetime. This page was last edited on 13 January 2018, at 14:59. Catullus 1 is traditionally arranged first among the poems of the Roman poet Catullus, though it was not necessarily the first poem that he wrote. Nepos' = 'who shall I give it to? Pumice was used to smooth off the ends of papyrus scrolls to prevent ragged edges. post hunc iudicium timete nullum. 4.534 en, quid ago?. It is dedicated to Cornelius Nepos, a historian and minor poet, though some consider Catullus's praise of Cornelius's history of the Italians to have been sarcastic. At nos inlepidum,

The allusion to Nepos' Gallic origins[1] in line 8 is added confirmation that Catullus is addressing Cornelius Nepos the historian and biographer.

Self-deprecating, as is the "qualecumque" of the next line.

The "virgin patron" is either a muse or Pallas Athena.

Gaius Valerius Catullus. At the same time its basic meaning 'to unroll' can literally be applied to the scrolls -- Nepos', and Catullus' own -- upon which the poet's eye dwells. Catullus' labeling of his poems as a "libellum" (as opposed to librum) is an instance of the humble tone that pervades the poem. rudem libellum, burras quisquilias That it may endure for more than one age. Nepos' work is allegedly of similar quality. Figures Of Speech. This is traditionally arranged first among Catullus' poems, though it was not necessarily the first poem that he wrote. Ipse est. Optative subjunctive, not jussive subjunctive; one does not command the Muse. nec doctum minus et magis benignum,

Back To Park View's Home Page. dedit statim Nepoti. Magister Johnson retired from active teaching in June of 2003.

(Latin Text From the Perseus Project), Catullus (English Translation From the Perseus Project).

in one of two ways. Hoc nullus mihi carior meorum, The idea here is that Cornelius thought Catullus' trifles ("nothings") to be something. Catullus 1 is traditionally arranged first among the poems of the Roman poet Catullus, though it was not necessarily the first poem that he wrote.

He merely asks that his "quidquid hoc libelli" remain for more than one. In favour of (1) is the very similar opening of Meleager's dedicatory poem from his 'Garland' anthology (now preserved in the Greek Anthology, AP 4.1): "Dear muse, to whom to you bring this all-fruited song?

To you, Cornelius, for you were accustomed. Quintilian, writing a century and a half later, used expolio in a literary sense (Inst. Vocabulary, scansion, figures of speech, analysis, and review. The poem alternates between humility and a self-confident manner; Catullus calls his poetry "little" and "trifles", but asks that it remain for more than one age. Furthermore, Ausonius seems to have taken it this way, as if Catullus, puzzled for a moment, plucked a name out of the air: 'inventoque/statim dedit Nepoti' = "and on finding Nepos, gave it immediately to him". Carmen 1 (in Scanned by Catullus) << • >>. quam cunctos alios, Marone dempto. et nidum in gremio fovete tuto. Aen. The emphatic 'tu' may imply 'you, at least, think something of my poems, even if no-one else does': Nepos has taste. To unfurl the whole of time in three volumes. Notable here, however, is the Romanness of 'patrona': it's often the job of a dedication to define or enact the roles of poet and dedicatee as client and patron. Through the light, bantering tone (here and elsewhere) Catullus wants us to know that he is Nepos' social equal -- not, for instance, a lickspittle poetaster in need of a patron. This page is the work of Mr.Bruce Veronensis ait poeta quondam inventoque Pumex is masculine, and the MSS give 'arido'. quam quem Gallia praebuit Catullo.

Vale. From Wikibooks, open books for an open world, Quinn (1970 ad loc.) of whatever sort; which, O patron maiden. Here are some links on the internet which will be of interest to you in your study of Catullus.

The invocation of a muse or inspiring deity is, of course, a common enough phenomenon in poetry -- Meleager addresses an unnamed Muse in his intro poem (see note on line 1).

It is a dedication to Cornelius Nepos, a historian and sometimes poet, though some consider Catullus' praise of Cornelius' history (Chronica) to have been sarcastic; Catullus attempts in many cases to do away with large-scale forms, focusing rather on small but elaborate constructions. We can understand 'cui dono...?' A Guide To The Scansion of Latin Poetry. quem pluris faciunt novem sorores,

The pumice-stone was soon to appear as an explicit literary metaphor in Propertius 3.1.8 exactus tenui pumice versus eat).

Att. 16 and Aulus Gellius 17.21.3, Nepos wrote a work (now lost) entitled Chronica, which is presumably what Catullus is alluding to here, rather than any of his biographical prose works (some of which survive). It is dedicated to Cornelius Nepos, a historian and minor poet, though some consider Catullus's praise of Cornelius's history of the Italians to have been sarcastic. But that's jumping the gun: Servius does not specifically quote this poem (though it's the only one we have where it makes a difference). 1) Taking the present tense literally: 'Who am I giving this booklet to (you may ask)?

Intrepide volate, versus, Available in Latin, Brazilian Port., Chinese, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Esperanto, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Korean, Polish, Rioplatense, Romanian, Scanned, Spanish, Turkish, Ukrainian, and Vercellese. To whom do I give this pleasing new little book, At a time when you alone of the Italians dared.

8.3.42, warning against too great a polish in oratory), but the word was used metaphorically even as early as Plautus. AP Catullus NOTE: FOR SOME TIME WE HAVE NOT DONE THE CATULLUS SYLLABUS, WHICH WILL NOT … : well, the answer is Nepos'. Martial uses the masculine in 8.72.2, a poem which imitates Catullus (Nondum murice cultus asperoque / morsu pumicis aridi politus / Arcanum properas sequi, libelle...). Hic vos diligere, hic volet tueri: The next line affirms that Nepos should accept Catullus' "whatever this is of a book," and the poem closes with a 2-line invocation of the Muse. Other Related Sites. This Page Was Created June 2751 AUC (AB URBE CONDITA).

Lingua Latina Pagina. 1 = Schenkl p.120 = 'Ausonius Drepanio filio'), itself an imitation of Catullus 1, which is quoted in full here, because it's by no means easy to track down: «Cui dono lepidum novum libellum?»

Meleager made it, and he laboured at this gift as a keepsake for glorious Diocles". M. Johnson ©. A standard word to denote the setting-out in order of a historical account, used indeed by Nepos himself in the preface to his surviving work 'On excellent leaders of foreign races'; or any verbal description, written or spoken.

At the same time, the idea of creating these little "nuggets" was a point of pride for Catullus and the neoterics; they were creating a new genre of Latin poetry, quite distinct from weighty epics. The meter of this poem is hendecasyllabic, a common form in Catullus's poetry.

Back To Mr. & Mrs. J's Home Page.

Saeclo ("age", syncopated from saeculum) can more specifically mean "lifetime", "generation", or "century"; it does not necessarily refer to anything approaching the amount of time over which Catullus' poetry has survived.

It is perhaps a mock humility, considering Catullus' loftier statements present both here and in his other poems. There's no-one he needs to impress, and these little gems are dedicated as lightly as they are rattled off. ', or 'who am I to give it to?'. Notably, Catullus does not ask for many ages. There has been much debate about what poems exactly composed the "libellus," since the 116 poems (just shy of 2300 lines) that have come down to us are too many to fit onto a single papyrus.

Cas. suggests it may be an 'epistolary' past tense (see for instance, preface to his surviving work 'On excellent leaders of foreign races',, Book:The Poetry of Gaius Valerius Catullus.

384 Compressan palma an porrecta ferio?, Cic.

Neoteric values; Catullus' poems are filled with "learned" references to mythology and are very finely crafted.

In favour of (2), Latin questions in the present tense sometimes have an urgent future, or deliberative, quality: Plaut. Mr. J's Vergil Page. This Cornelius is identified as Nepos by Ausonius XXIII (= Ecl.

He also calls his work "new"; the poems are recently made and therefore new, but they are also new as some of the first examples of Neoteric poetry in the Latin language. That's the pose, anyway... A "papyrus roll" (liber, diminutive libellus) was the standard ancient format for a body of writings and the ancient equivalent of a modern book. Catullus himself also came from Cisalpine Gaul -- hence 'Veronensis... poeta' (the poet from Verona) in line 2.

It is mostly accepted now that the "libellus" was some selection of Catullus' poems, although which poems these were is unknown. The Chronica need not have been a prose work (the usual assumption), but could have been in verse, like the Chronica by the Greek Apollodorus of Athens, which covered events from the fall of Troy to the poet's own time.

O does not appear in any extant manuscripts, but is supplied by modern editors on the assumption that it was in the original, based on context and metrical concerns.

ignoscenda teget, probata tradet: Therefore, have for yourself whatever this is of a little book. This page was last edited on 5 July 2020, at 14:10. This is a touch of modesty, even in the middle of an invocation to the Muse (one of the more elevated activities of a poet). However, he intends to leave this page and others available for all students at PVHS and those interested in the Classics. The poem begins with a 2-line question followed by a 1-line answer. The poem alternates between humility and self-confidence; Catullus calls his poetry "trifles", but asks that it remain for more than one age.

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