These results also show that the Gobi Bear is at high risk of inbreeding, and also that the population is easily threatened by chance demographic events such as disease or low productivity. The Gobi Bear is a rare, threatened creature, and very few exist today. They live in an extreme and isolated part of southwestern Mongolia’s Gobi Desert.

Beginning in the early 1990s, pelletized feed composed of grains was provided for the Gobi Bear at some of the springs in the Greater Gobi Strictly Protected Area, primarily during the months March and April when the bears emerge from their winter dens. The Gobi Bear Project was formed in 2005 as a collaboration of Mongolian and international bear specialists to address the urgent need for a recovery and management plan for the Gobi Bear. Their fur is light brown in color, though their head, belly, and legs are noticeably darker. The oases presented an excellent opportunity to collect photographs and DNA hair samples from Gobi Bears living in the area, and also to capture bears and fit them with GPS satellite radio collars. The information gained from GPS telemetry, capture and examination of bears, and assessing habitat requirements yielded helpful data about individual bears, diet, home range size, identification of important foraging areas, and sources of mortality. The Gobi bear has shorter fur and longer les compared to normal bears which helps them survive in the desert environment. The Gobi bear (Ursus arctos gobiensis; known in Mongolian as the Mazaalai (Мазаалай), is a subspecies of the brown bear (Ursus arctos) that is found in the Gobi Desert of Mongolia. However, they are actually afraid of humans and are shy, peaceful animals. This bear, also known as Mazaalai bear in local Mongolian language, can be found in the rocky regions of the Gobi desert. [1], "Mazaalai" redirects here. From 950 bear hair samples collected in 2008-2009, the team estimated that only 22-31 individual bears exist, with a minimum number of individually identified bears standing at 22 (8 female, 14 male). The provision of tools and logistic capabilities needed for monitoring the bears and patrolling the region are absolutely necessary to maintaining the ecosystem’s integrity and security.

physical anomalies, reproductive problems, susceptibility to disease) have been identified. Despite their small numbers, successful reproduction and rearing of offspring continues in the Gobi Bear population.

Because of the small numbers of these bears in existence, the genetic diversity of the population is low, though none of the typical indicators of inbreeding problems (e.g.

Between 2006-2008, these pellets were supplemented with commercial dog food, which has a higher protein and fat content, an increased caloric value, and higher levels of phosphorus, zinc, vitamin E, niacin, and pantothenic acid -- but which otherwise has a similar nutrient composition to the wild rhubarb that makes up much of the Gobi Bear’s traditional diet. It also survives on insects and grasshoppers. The Gobi bear has shorter fur and longer les compared to normal bears which helps them survive in the desert environment. These areas – Atas Bogd Mountain, Shar Khuls Oasis, and Tsagaan Bogd Mountain – are within the Greater Gobi Strictly Protected Area (GGSPA), which covers more than 45,000 km2, and each oasis is about 70-200 kilometers from an adjacent one. Levels of genetic diversity similar to the Gobi bears have been reported only in a small population of brown bears in the Pyrenees Mountains on the border of Spain and France. All of this work so far makes one thing clear: the Gobi Bears’ situation is dire. It is listed as critically endangered by the Mongolian Redbook of Endangered Species and by the Zoological Society of London. Additionally, a public outreach effort focused on the critical need for Gobi Bear conservation was planned for Mongolia. Some structural adaptations of this animal include the two humps of fat on the camel's back which it can convert to water, its long eyelashes which help to keep sand out of its eyes and its ability to close its nostrils in order keep its nasal passages clear of sand during sandstorms. The educational program was set in motion in 2013, when members of the Gobi Bear Project Team made an outreach trip to six public schools, monastic schools, and a university class. Based on morphology, the Gobi brown bear has sometimes historically been classified as being of the same subspecies as the Tibetan blue bear. The shorter fur ensures that they don't get too hot in the day while they need protection in the night from the cold. The Mongolian government made 2013 the Year of the Gobi Bear.

Looking to the future, Gobi Bear conservation faces many challenges. All known Gobi Bears live in the Great Gobi Strictly Protected Area or GGSPA, their range centering on several natural oasis. [3], Gobi bears mainly eat roots, berries, and other plants, sometimes rodents; there is no evidence that they prey on large mammals.

For the Mongolian satellite named after the bear, see, Genetic tests demonstrate this bear to have mixed brown bear and, "Chimpanzees among 33 breeds selected for special protection", "Gobi bear abundance and inter-oases movements, Gobi Desert, Mongolia", "Evolutionary history of enigmatic bears in the Tibetan Plateau–Himalaya region and the identity of the yeti", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gobi_bear&oldid=980593953, IUCN Red List critically endangered species, Articles containing Mongolian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 September 2020, at 10:37. The bears’ relative success in this desert is due in large part to their occupation of three oasis complexes, each of which contains seven or more freshwater springs. [4] There are only 20 Gobi bears left in the wild. The photographs and DNA samples allowed the Gobi Bear Project team to identify individuals and accurately estimate population numbers using mark-recapture estimation methods, and the GPS collars helped the team to identify bear movements between springs and oasis complexes. In 2004 the Mongolian Ministry of Nature and Environment convened a workshop to devise an effective conservation program for the Gobi bear, and The Gobi Bear Project was designed to address the recommendations identified during the workshop: (1) Gobi Bear population assessment and monitoring. Additional efforts must be made to gain the support of the local, national, and international communities. It is an omnivore with a diet consisting of berries, grass roots, lizards and mice etc. Trivia about Gobi Bear The Blue Bear may be a subspecies of the Gobi Brown Bear. Shorter Fur & Long Legs. The Gobi Bear is the rarest bear on Earth with only approximately 20 left in the wild with none in captivity. Beginning in 2005, 10 individual Gobi Bears were captured and fitted with GPS satellite radio collars, and the team later installed barbed-wire hair collecting sites in 2008-2009. In order to increase the Bears’ population, work needs to be done to address factors currently limiting their small numbers. Eight of these bears are females, and 14 of them are males, though it is unclear whether this ratio reflects the true proportion of Gobi Bear sexes.

The Gobi Bear’s diet is different than that of other brown bear subspecies, which often kill or scavenge other animals.

These bears are smaller than most members of the brown bear family (female adults weigh only 51-78 kg and males only 96-138 kg). However, recent phylogenetic analysis has shown the Gobi bear to instead represent a relict population of the Himalayan brown bear. The GPS information was particularly helpful in providing information on the relative time spent by individual bears at supplemental feeding stations, their use of habitat around the springs, and the amount of time bears go between spring visits for water intake. Adaptations. The Gobi Desert is a harsh environment, and the Gobi Bear has persisted there in part because of their superb adaptation to the desert’s extreme conditions: food is only minimally available due to extremely low annual rainfall (50-100 cm/year) and annual swings in temperature that range between a searing 46°C in summer and -34°C in winter.

The Gobi Bear is one of the few bear populations that is not represented in zoos. Gobi bears have very little genetic diversity,[2] among the lowest ever observed in any subspecies of brown bear. Further work needs to be done in the following areas: Further scientific research will provide helpful information regarding many of the topics listed above. In 2004 the Mongolian Ministry of Nature and Environment convened a workshop to devise an effective conservation program for the Gobi bear, and The Gobi Bear Project was designed to address the recommendations identified during the workshop: (1) Gobi Bear population assessment and monitoring(2) genetic and demographic information needs(3) human dimensions. [1] Rheum nanum   [2] Nitraria specie   [3] Phragmites   [4] Allium species. One of the first major steps towards bringing Gobi Bears back from the brink of extinction was to determine accurately how many bears exist today and how they are distributed across oases complexes. The Gobi Bear Project Team has been working to facilitate Gobi Bear outreach in Mongolia. It is listed as critically endangered by the Mongolian Redbook of Endangered Species and by the Zoological Society of London. The accompanying curriculum -- which consists of a student booklet, a teachers’ guide, and resource material -- involves local communities to show that Gobi Bear conservation is a shared responsibility. The official designations of the Gobi Bear are many, though they all point to the same conclusion – that the Gobi Bear is a species at high risk of extinction. The Gobi Desert is a harsh environment, and the Gobi Bear has persisted there in part because of their superb adaptation to the desert’s extreme conditions: food is only minimally available due to extremely low annual rainfall (50-100 cm/year) and annual swings in temperature that range between a searing 46°C in summer and -34°C in winter.

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